Waterborne diseases are mainly spread when some bacteria, parasites, and viruses infect the water supply system and are not completely eradicated by specific methods. Various cities and municipalities contain facilities for water treatment to make sure tap water is clean and safe for consumption. Homeowners with ground wells should have a disease treating measure in place.
The following are the different water borne diseases and how to deal with them.
Bacterial waterborne diseases
Clinical features include a broad range of syndromes that include;
- Acute dehydrating diarrhea (cholera)
- Severe bloody diarrhea (dysentery)Prolonged febrile illness and abdominal pains (typhoid fever).
Common agents that are responsible for the spread of waterborne bacterial diseases are Vibrio cholera, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Shigella and Escherichia coli. Transmission is mainly through lack of proper maintenance of municipal water distribution and contaminated surface water.
This is caused by Vibrio cholera with symptoms of nausea, severe watery diarrhea, cramps, vomiting, rapid pulse, nose bleeding. In severely affected cases, which are not treated early, hypovolemic shock is experienced which is life threatening within 12-18 hours.
Viral water-borne diseases
This is a major viral waterborne disease transmitted by drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis A, also called as infectious hepatitis is associated with a severe headache, loss of appetite, fever, abdominal pain, inflammation of the liver and muscle ache. It is usually mild, and few untreated cases may prove to be fatal caused by permanent liver damage.
Polio is caused by poliovirus and leads to paralysis of muscles.
Parasitic water bore diseases
Most of the waterborne diseases caused apart from bacteria and viruses are caused by parasites and include;
This disease is caused by Entamoeba histolytic with symptoms of abdominal pain, headache, fever, chills and severe diarrhea. It is fatal as compared to bacterial dysentery and is proven fatal if untreated.
Schistosomiasis is carried by Schistosoma worm is characterized by abdominal pain, urinal bleeding, and diarrhea.
How to deal with waterborne diseases
To eradicate the potential effects of these infections, most of the water is treated with chlorine. Chlorine is a chemical substance that has been used to disinfect water for over 100 years. A minuscule amount of chlorine can eliminate bacteria, parasites and some viruses from thousands of gallons of water, making it safe for drinking, cook with and bathe with.
While chlorine is safe in small doses, large doses can be hazardous to your health. When chlorine interacts with the organic matter in the water supply, it forms trihalomethanes. High trihalomethanes consumption can lead to numerous health problems, including kidney and liver disorders, pregnancy issues and cancer.
Using Water Filtration systems
Installing a home water filtration system gives you peace of mind that your water is safe. You won’t have to keep worrying about the potential for infection or the risk of deadly illness. Your water will always be free of harmful pathogens that are, bacteria, viruses, and parasites and will naturally taste great.
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